Kos is the third largest island of the Greek Dodecanese archipelago. One of the cleanest places on earth. The mild climate, beautiful sandy and pebble beaches, clear sea, excellent opportunities for windsurfing, kitesurfing and charm of the island of Kos allowed to become a center of international tourism.
The largest town on the island (about 15 thousand inhabitants), its
administrative center and port. Located on the northeastern tip of the island.
The city is very young, he rebuilt in the modern part of the Mediterranean
style. You will enjoy walking along its wide streets, green parks and gardens
In the center of Kos are banks, post office, numerous restaurants and bars. In the central square Elevterias (Freedom) is the Archaeological Museum, which collected an interesting display of exhibits that illustrate the rich history of the island.
Those who come to the city by sea, the port meets the hulk of an ancient fortress of the Knights ioannitov, built in the XV-th century. The port number of cozy restaurants and bars where you can taste dishes of Greek cuisine, local wines and enjoy the picturesque panorama. A boating enthusiasts can rent a small yahy, boats and traditional boats.
Near the port there is a vast archeological area with ruins of buildings of the Hellenistic and Roman eras - the gymnasium, Odeon, Temple of Aphrodite Temple of Hercules, Roman baths and the Roman villas with mosaic fragments. Aqueduct connects the fortress with a small area, on which stands an ancient plane tree, planted according to legend, Hippocrates.
The main archaeological attraction of the island is 4 km from the town of Kos. The temple complex dedicated to the son of Apollo, the god-healer Asclepius, was both very real medical institution. A large area are the ruins of a temple and a small fountain, the remains of buildings and the medical school hospital. Above are the ruins of the altar of Asclepius, the temple of Asclepius temple of Apollo. Six columns of the temple rebuilt in its original form. On the top terrace remained the foundation of the temple and several columns of Asclepius Dorian period.
Traveling around the island Kos
From Asclepion you can go inland. On your way to meet Asfendiu picturesque
town, and situated on the slope of the mountain village of Zia Dikteo
overlooking the whole of Kos, the surrounding islands and the coast of Turkey.
Nearby is the town of Pili (17 km from Kos), surrounded by orchards and green
Going north will take you to the sandy beaches or Tinkaki Marmari (about 5 km from the Pili) with restaurants, taverns, water sports centers. In the center of the island, near the airport is the village of Antimachia, 3 km north of the tourist center is located Mastichari, and to the south - the resort of Kardamena. At the extreme west of the island, 43 km from Kos Kefalos is the city, close to where you will find beautiful beaches of Kamari and Paradise Beach, the ruins of the ancient city, the monastery of St. John.
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From the history of the island of Kos
Kos was inhabited during the early Bronze Age, around 2900 - 2100 BC. In the
"Iliad," Homer tells us that Kos took part in the Trojan War with his 30 ships.
This period was one of the most striking and significant in the history of Kos,
at the same time is building a new town - Cos (366 BC), are marble monuments
(Temple of Hercules, Pandimou, the market, a gymnasium, a theater, an altar
Dionysus, acropolis ...), confirming that they have been found during
excavations. King of Egypt - Ptolemeos II was born in this era on the Spit. The
islanders are beginning to export wine, olive oil, fruit, silk and wood.
The Byzantine period
Despite repeated earthquakes and raids of Arabs, the island continued to prosper. During the first half of the seventh century, the island was in the power of the Byzantine Empire. Only in the late 11th century, some local residents are the owners of arable land of the island.
Conquest Ionnitskimi Knights
The following centuries were marked by the conquests of foreign invaders. After a relatively short occupation of the island the Venetians in 1314 passed into the hands of Kos Ionnitskih knights. At the same time Kos has repeatedly attacked the Turkish conquerors, but they reflect the Knights attack, largely thanks to built fortifications, among whom were many castles.
The Turkish domination
In 1523 the island was completely captured by the Turks. Rhodes and Kos, in contrast to other islands dodekaneziyskih suffered from undue exactions. Kos is a province of Rhodes. Islanders have paid dearly for the Greek revolution. In retaliation, July 11, 1821 the Turks hanged many of the priests at the famous Hippocrates plane trees. Based on the records of the French traveler Pukevilya (Pouqueville) Turks beheaded a large number of Christians, up to 900 people.
Italian and German domination
May 20, 1912 the island of Kos was conquered by the Italians, all residents of the islands will automatically become citizens of Italy. The inhabitants of Kos, as did the Greeks tried to resist it. After last destructive earthquake (April 23, 1933) was built by the Italians, the Kos again.
During the excavation was found a huge number of sculptures of Classical, Hellenistic and Roman era, these relics are in the island's archaeological museum.
October 3, 1943 the Germans conquered Kos. It was marked by violence and terror.
The English occupation - the union
May 9, 1945, after signing the protocol of the German surrender, the British once again took control in their hands. People were freed from oppression and violence of Italian fascism and German Nazism.
March 7, 1948 was officially launched on accession of the island of Kos in Greece.